Back
healthwords.aihealthwords.ai
Cart
Search
treatment icon
treatment

Antifungals: A Guide to Treating Fungal Infections

Mohommed Essop-Adam
Reviewed by Mohommed Essop-AdamReviewed on 30.10.2023 | 3 minutes read
EmailFacebookPinterestTwitter

Antifungal medicines are invaluable in combating various fungal infections that commonly affect the skin, hair, nails, and mouth. Available in different forms such as tablets, lacquers (such as Curanail), creams, powders, oral gels, and shampoos, these medications effectively target the source of infection. Understanding their uses, mechanisms of action, and preventive measures can empower you to manage fungal conditions with confidence.

Doctor’s advice

Types of Fungal Infections

Fungal infections arise from physical contact with fungal spores or an overgrowth of naturally occurring fungi on the skin. They encompass conditions like ringworm, athlete's foot, fungal nail infections, vaginal thrush, oral thrush, and other skin and hair infections. Fortunately, many mild to moderate cases can be treated with over-the-counter medications. However, severe infections may require prescription-strength interventions, and in some instances, hospitalisation may be necessary.

How Antifungals Work

Antifungal treatments employ various mechanisms to combat fungal infections. Most over-the-counter options disrupt the production of essential components needed for fungal cell function, effectively halting their growth. Single treatments can clear vaginal infections, while oral antifungal gels typically eliminate oral thrush within a week. Ringworm may take up to six weeks to fully resolve, and nail infections can require up to six months of treatment, depending on the rate of nail growth.

Preventing Recurrence

Preventing the recurrence of fungal infections is crucial for long-term management. Implementing simple measures can significantly reduce the risk of reinfection:

  • Avoid sharing clothing, towels, and personal items, and ensure proper foot protection in public areas like swimming pool changing rooms.
  • Practice good hygiene by wearing clean clothes daily and changing socks and underwear regularly.
  • Opt for breathable, loose-fitted clothing and shoes.
  • Thoroughly dry yourself after bathing, showering, or swimming.

Possible Side Effects and Precautions

While antifungal medications like miconazole are generally safe, side effects can occur, although they are not experienced by everyone. The most common side effect is localized irritation at the site of application for creams or gels. If you have diabetes or take regular medications, it is essential to consult with a doctor or pharmacist to determine the suitability and potential interactions of antifungal treatments.

Conclusion

Understanding antifungal medications is key to effectively managing fungal infections. By choosing the appropriate treatment, following preventive measures, and seeking professional advice when necessary, you can alleviate symptoms, prevent complications, and maintain optimal skin, hair, and nail health.

Was this helpful?

Was this helpful?

Mohommed Essop-Adam
Reviewed by Mohommed Essop-Adam
Reviewed on 30.10.2023
EmailFacebookPinterestTwitter
App Store
Google Play
Piff tick
Version 2.28.0
© 2024 Healthwords Ltd. All Rights Reserved